Photographs selected for Exhibit “Article 25”
We present the thirty photographs chosen among more than three hundred taken in fifteen Latin American countries, in response to the question: is Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights fulfilled in Latin America?
The images were taken with quite different devices, by amateurs and professional photographers. They are, rather than an aesthetic quest, a documentary record that show that basic rights such as housing, food and social security, established in Article 25 of the Universal Declaration more than seventy years ago, are unfulfilled for large number of inhabitants of the region.
We hope that they will be an invitation to think about the long process that remains to be followed if we hope that these rights will be fulfilled for everyone, without any difference.
Download the exhibition “Article 25” catalogue in PDF format.
Title: Crecer en la Ciénaga
Year and place where it was taken: 2017, Nueva Venecia, Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta (Colombia)
Author and nationality: Daniel Francisco Leguizamón, colombian
“The palafitte towns in Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta, Colombia, are home to hundreds of children and young people who, deeply rooted in the culture of water and fishing, have lived for decades in appalling conditions. During their lifetime, relentless water pollution is leaving women, children and youngsters malnourished and ill in these communities. Big palm and banana companies pour toxic waste in the waters; people live deprived of a proper sanitary and recycling system and the Colombian State does not undertake the necessary action with social policies to stop a situation that puts future generations at risk.”
Title: Zapatitos al revés
Year and place where it was taken: 2008, Melipilla (Chile)
Author and nationality: Marcelo Aragonese Pérez, chilean
“Walking in the Melipilla municipality, I found this family and the precarious conditions they live in called my attention. They were very poor, with scarce resources. Suddenly, out of the humble house comes a lovely girl, who half embarrassed and half naive, almost stood there as if waiting for me to take a photo. Some time later, when I developed the picture, I realized she was wearing her shoes on the wrong foot. I was heartbroken. This picture makes it clear that there are brutal differences on the same territory. Photographs, as a visual mean, enable us to view this issue and I believe we should all work in some way to promote equality in order to build fairer societies.”
Title: La plenitud de tu misericordia
Year and place where it was taken: 2018, Instituto Autónomo Hospital Universitario de los Andes, Mérida (Venezuela)
Author and nationality: Alejandro José Pernía Paredes, venezuelan
“Venezuela is currently subjected to a huge crisis owing to the breakdown and worsening of health conditions. Cancer patients receive a degraded quality of life. Many hospitals work at half their capacity and with scarce supplies. This becomes evident when children die because of poverty, drug shortage and lack of cancer supplies. Venezuelan children are starving in hospitals and a high portion of them die daily due to undernourishment. It is crucial that awareness is raised of such a serious situation.”
Title: Abandono en la infancia en las comunidades nativas
Year and place where it was taken: 2014, Comunidades asháninkas de Mapotoa y Yaynapango, Satipo, Junín (Peru)
Author and nationality: Wilber Huacasi Huaman, peruvian
“Shining Path held the Ashanika communities in Mapotoa and Yaynapango in captivity since 1980. When Peru’s Committee of Truth and Reconciliation submitted its final report in 2003, information on these communities was not included because the area was still regarded as dangerous ─terrorists were still there. That is why, a decade later, the residents started telling about the massacre and the ill-treatment they had suffered during two decades. I confirmed in that area the total neglect by the State. Access to the communities is quite precarious. So are the housing units (shacks). There is no school and no health station. While we were walking and searching for testimonies together with a guide, a woman welcomed us and offered as some broth. The scene corresponds precisely to that instant. We adults were served on a dish, whereas the Ashanika children would feed themselves directly from the pot, as can be seen in the picture. The guide who led us to the area in 2014 reports the situation has not changed to date.”
Year and place where it was taken: 2013, Estación Mapocho, comuna de Recoleta, Santiago (Chile)
Author and nationality: Mauricio Hoyuelos, chilean-spanish
“This photo was taken amid a students’ protest. What started as a photo exploration of urban violence and confrontation, ended with the wonderful experience of sharing a cigarette and exchanging some words with Ana, a gentle and beautiful gipsy who has lived in the streets for 25 years. This woman, alien to political ideas, was worried about a day to day reality much harsher and painful. After we parted, she just laid herself on the ground…I hurried to take her one last picture from the other side of the street and, at that precise moment, Ana gave me the best gift possible for that day.”
Title: Derechos de los pueblos originarios amenazados en Brasil
Year and place where it was taken: 2018, Tumucumaque, Selva Amazónica (Brazil)
Author and nationality: Pedro Biava, brazilian
“This picture was taken in the Amazonia, in a small village of the Wajãpi Indians. I was there to do a photo reportage on the departure of the Cuban physicians who cared for people living in the most isolated regions of Brazil. Unfortunately, the medical agreement with Cuba has been cancelled. To date, the Wajãpi Indians have no physicians for their most specialized care needs. The Wajãpi keep their culture alive in a very beautiful way. All this beauty can be perceived in the picture. But these and many other indigenous peoples in Brazil have their rights to a decent life threatened. The future of the indigenous peoples of Brazil is uncertain.”
Title: Doña Ema
Year and place where it was taken: 2018, Bogotá (Colombia)
Author and nationality: Julio César Barón Fernández, colombian
“Ciudad Bolivar neighbourhood, to the South of the Colombian capital, is one of the places most affected by inequality and lack of opportunities. Low socio-economic status people live there in subnormal constructions proof of the dire straits they are in. The picture shows a house made of wooden planks, with earthen floor, covered with newspapers inside to keep it warm, and some goods and chattels. It exposes the economic conditions the woman lives in as well as the the extent to which Article 25 remains unfulfilled. The Article has a nice ring to it and it is praiseworthy that it seeks to promote equality; yet, many families in this Bogota neighbourhood are proof that it is only dead letter.”
Title: Derechos olvidados
Year and place where it was taken: 2018, Ciénaga, Magdalena (Colombia)
Author and nationality: Jesús David Palacio Flórez, colombian
“My photo bears testimony to a reality common to many places in Latin America and across the world, where lots of people live in situations of extreme vulnerability. In this case, the right to decent housing, a space in proper conditions for health, has been neglected. By means of photography, I would like to make people see, from a different perspective, their reality, the reality many ignore, literally forgetting about the lives of our brothers and sisters.”
Title: Informalmente formal
Year and place where it was taken: 2013, Ciudad Bolívar, Bogotá (Colombia)
Author and nationality: Harold Guyaux, belgian
“The picture was taken from Villas del Diamante neighbourhood, towards Juan Pablo II neighbourhood, in the town of Ciudad Bolivar in the city of Bogota, without knowing that the orange hues of the landscape (the colour of the houses’ clay bricks made from clay present in the local soil) would some day disappear. Pitifully, this geo-cultural heritage was damaged by the District programme, which, in less than a year, covered a great deal of Bogota’s hillsides with pastel shade paintings, evoking a social program that merely ‘painted poverty’. The photo bears witness to this.”
Title: Todos merecemos un hogar
Year and place where it was taken: 2018, Ciudad de México (Mexico)
Author and nationality: Enrique Ordóñez, mexican
“After several years of living in a building struck by the 1985 and 2017 earthquakes, Mrs. Bernarda currently lives in the streets, in front of the building where she spent her whole life. She and her son live in a house made of wood and iron, exposed to the elements and to the violence rampant in Mexico City. We all deserve a decent place to live in, a place to feel free of worry and fear, a place to live at ease.”
Title: Niño silvestre
Year and place where it was taken: 2018, Barahona (Dominican Republic)
Author and nationality: Rosalina Perdomo, dominican
“The boy is standing in front of his house, located on a coffee field. His is a makeshift house, made of planks and zinc on the sides. The boy is, perhaps, the son of Haitian immigrants. He was alone, playing with his tyre, possible his only one possession. This boy has no guarantees whatsoever, he grows ‘naturally’ as a living being, but he lacks any decent human care by his family or the State. He has been left to his fate as regards health, clothing, education and housing.”
Title: Los invisibles
Year and place where it was taken: 2017, Autopista Acceso Sur, Bajos de Mena, Santiago (Chile)
Author and nationality: Israel Acevedo, chilean
“Four men and a woman lived in this place. For several reasons, all of them had ended in the streets and did not know when they would be able to go home again. Some of them had met in hospitals and homeless shelters, until they were left with no place to sleep in and decided to build the “ruco”, their home. All of them were employed and had a normal routine., At the end of each month, they would buy food with the money and the rest of their earnings they would send to their families. During a full year, I saw five people leave in the uttermost precariousness. Even under those circumstances, they kept fighting against all odds. These people were able to resist and face any adversity. For them a proper standard of living does not exist… and I do not know how much longer it won’t exist either.”
Title: Viuda y huérfanos de minero
Year and place where it was taken: 2019, Potosí (Bolivia)
Author and nationality: Paola Carunchio, italian
“The Potosi mine is located at more than 4000 metres above sea level. A young miner went with me inside it to visit what could be called a mountain of dead people (over 8 million Indians died there, without taking into account the slaves from Africa). He told me that the widows and orphans of the miners who died working there are still living outside the mine. Maybe they do not have anywhere else to go or, perhaps, they think they are thus closer to their husbands and fathers. After coming out of the mine, I noticed this stone ‘house’ that seemed to belong to one of the widows, suddenly a girl with all her innocent desperation reflecting the total lack of minimum conditions of care and hygiene appeared. There was no structure either behind or before her, just the huge mountains as backdrop. Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights still has to climb up those mountains and ensure a decent life for those people. Galeano wrote that with the metals from that mine a bridge between Potosi and Madrid could have been built; the young miner told me that it was true, that it could have been built, but with the bones of the miners who have died there.”
Title: Lavanderas: pujanza y resistencia
Year and place where it was taken: 2017, Zapayán, Magdalena (Colombia)
Author and nationality: Linda Esperanza Aragón Muñoz, colombian
“The swamp of Zapayan is a meeting point to catch up, a stage built to look at and retell everyday living, where everybody gathers in peace: those who come to fetch water to take it home, children who play there, the watchful herons perched on the canoes, the brave fishermen and the vigorous washerwomen. Day after day, faced with the lack of an aqueduct, they make of this hard trade a tradition dating over 100 years, nurtured by the stories born out of everyday routines.”
Title: No title
Year and place where it was taken: 2015, Bogotá (Colombia)
Author and nationality: Diego Felipe Vega Fuentes, colombian
“When food becomes a luxury, its consumption looks outrageous. At least in the eyes of those of us who have our basic needs covered. To see those children devouring the rice inside that box makes you think about what privilege food is for so many people, how nutrition should never be a privilege, and how blurred reality is for boys and girls in Bogota. It is a reflection on the speeches on childhood protection and shared responsibility, since stark reality evidences the rhetoric founding them. What level of destitution should be experienced so that we react against inequality?”
Title: Día de pesca, ¡un bocado sobre la mesa!
Year and place where it was taken: 2018, Puerto Caracol, Isla Múcura (Colombia)
Author and nationality: Jeison Alejandro Bernal Carrillo, colombian
“The picture was taken in a bunch of houses at the seaside on the Island of Mucura, in San Bernardo archipelago. It is a very close knit and happy community; they preserve one of the most beautiful landscapes I have seen in Colombia: natural, full of life, of smiles, of colour, of many, many beautiful things. In spite of this, it is a very neglected region. Children, since their early years, go out exploring the seaside in search for something to put on their tables. Fishing is one of the most common activities for the children of this incredible archipelago, who live in somewhat undeserved conditions.”
Title: O fascismo carióca e o massacre dos póvos periféricos
Year and place where it was taken: 2019, Jardim Gramacho, Duque de Caxias, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)
Author and nationality: Igor Freitas Lima, brazilian
“Jardin Gramacho is a neighbourhood in Baixada Fluminense, an area of the State of Rio de Janeiro where the lack human rights, such as the right to proper infrastructure and safety, is felt. Baixada Fluminense is a huge peripheral area including eight municipalities where sub-poverty is found. It is where the wretched live; the starving people, those who suffer from unemployment, lack of education, housing and basic sanitary conditions. On top of that, Jardin Gramacho’s population, live as hostages to drug-dealers’ and police violence. The only source of income for those people was the rubbish dump, which is no longer there.”
Title: Abandono en la niñez indígena
Year and place where it was taken: 2018, Comunidad indígena Sikuani Majaliwiri, Parcialidad Campanas, Puerto Gaitán (Colombia)
Author and nationality: Alejandra Muñoz Ruiz, colombian
“Sikuani Indians, distinguished as semi-nomad communities, found in Puerto Gaitán, Colombia, a place to survive as original peoples. However, some years ago multinational companies arrived in the area to exploit the oil reserves in those lands. Their homes were invaded, their families threatened, the waters their children drink polluted. These unhealthy living conditions force children to grow in a foul environment without any chance of a decent future.”
Title: La vida debe seguir
Year and place where it was taken: 2017, Valparaíso (Chile)
Author and nationality: Enrique Barrera, chilean
“This is one of the many elderly adults that are part of the streets of Chile and many Latin American countries. Unfortunately, because of their old age, sickness or scarce knowledge of contemporary technologies and tools, they are obviously displaced from the working and social arena. Their financial situation is such that their only option of getting some money is to beg in public places. In these cases, the municipal and state authorities should provide more solid financial and labour support so that each and every elderly adult can feel useful and productive.”
Title: Los hijos de nadie
Year and place where it was taken: 2019, Barrio San Bernardo, Bogotá (Colombia)
Author and nationality: Jairo Nicolas Bernal Usama, colombian
“Due to the armed conflict in Colombia, most vulnerable populations, among them Indian communities, have been affected and many migrated to Bogota. Jairo Borocuara, leader of the Embera Chami Indian community, was displaced and arrived in Bogota in 2009, together with his family. Since then, he has faced a series of issues common to urban environments: lack of employment and working opportunities owing to lack of higher education; his mother tongue, since, although he can speak Spanish, it is difficult for him to express his ideas in a clear way; and scarcity of economic resources that have caused him and his family to be lodged in tenement houses. These places have no decent physical or healthy conditions. Approximately 30 people live together in the room shown in the picture, sharing just the one lavatory. My image shows that rights as basic as housing, food and social security are not fulfilled.”
Year and place where it was taken: 2018, La Habana (Cuba)
Author and nationality: Gabriel García Juárez, cuban
“This neglected, retired old lady, in dire straits and receiving a pension that is not enough to buy the lobster promoted in the sign, peeps over the wall of inequality that prevails among the citizens that barely survive with their pensions (approximately USD 10 per month) and the abundance the government provides to the tourists who arrive in the country carrying their strong currencies.”
Title: La habitación propia
Year and place where it was taken: 2013, Copiapó (Chile)
Author and nationality: David Álvarez, chilean
“The picture was taken in Copiapo,an area of desert, mining and poverty in Chile. The homeless in the picture are easy to find in the city. They move around as part of the urban landscape, they are assimilated like invisible bodies from the backdrop. It is difficult to take this kind of picture, since the limit between communicating through a picture and making pain aesthetic and banal is easy to trespass. Capturing a moment with respect is as hard as finding the best angle or the proper light. That is what I intended in the few seconds available to take a photo: to seize in a picture a scene neglected by our day-to-day eyes… Our eyes so skilled and voracious at erasing upsetting views. It is still possible to see the homeless in Copiapo, whether the ones on the picture or others. It is likely that some of the characters in the picture were not able to endure winter. And all of this happens in the silence of the mines that beget Chile’s riches.”
Title: No importa cuándo ni dónde
Year and place where it was taken: 2007, Rosario (Argentina)
Author and nationality: Rodolfo Borghi, argentinian
“This picture alludes directly to poverty, as much a cause as a consequence of the violation of the human rights listed in Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The wall ‘supporting’ the man in the picture reads ‘God did not invent people! People invented God!’ belong to the Chapel of the Sacred Heart in Rosario, where one of the major religions on Earth follows a dogma with a conception that has not yet achieved a deep change in humanity’s journey towards the eradication of poverty. The right to a proper level of life and the term ‘freedom from fear and want’ that appear in the Universal Declaration Preamble compel us to reflect on what is done (and what is not done) in the world to fight poverty and to eradicate it, in our search for a decent life for every human being.”
Title: Sueños de plástico
Year and place where it was taken: 2019, Río Ozama (Dominican Republic)
Author and nationality: Melisa Guillen, dominican
“Low quality of life conditions are prevalent on the banks of the Ozama River, in the City of Santo Domingo. Homeless people usually arrive at this place. These people are forced to build shacks, some of them even in the water. As can be seen in the photo, waste is already part of the river. It creates ‘islands’ in constant movement. When I travelled around to take this picture I was able to see the poverty and danger these people live in.”
Title: Viviendo entre cartones
Year and place where it was taken: 2017, Los Arenales, Chiclayo (Peru)
Author and nationality: José Luis Paico Ypanaqué, peruvian
“Los Arenales was lashed by torrential rains sparked by the Coastal El Niño phenomenon. Residents were affected by these weather changes which caused widespread destruction. They were deprived of water, of energy and above all, of their houses. In the midst of sand, mud and stones, they have built houses of cardboard, tied with sticks and slates. The coldness, the sadness and the loneliness these people endured were so harsh and strong as the rains and winds that gradually erased the smiles of each inhabitant. This picture is a reflection and a reminder that we are all human beings and that, in spite of all, we should go on.”
Title: Inseguridad social
Year and place where it was taken: 2019, Santiago (Chile)
Author and nationality: Juan José Hauva Gröne, chilean
“Although in Chile there are laws requiring pension contributions to social security for hired people since 1925, based on solidarity, Pinochet’s military dictatorship created a new system of individual capitalization: the Administradora de Fondos de Pensiones (AFP [Pension Fund Administration]). The paradox brought by the AFP system is that after retirement, people who have worked formally for many years, receive a mean pension that is not enough to cover food, health, housing and leisure expenses, thus violating Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. In the picture we see the situation a formal retired worker finds himself in. His claim appeals to these fundamental rights.”
Title: Amistad callejera
Year and place where it was taken: 2019, Plaza Victoria, Valparaíso (Chile)
Author and nationality: Cristopher Arnold Vrsalovic Rojas, chilean
“I had seen this man with his dog, ‘The Sheep’. My camera captured a couple of moments of their shared lives; I felt I owed him something in return. Ultimately, the photos were his; I was only there catching moments. I bought a serving of pizza and a bottle of juice; I gave them to the man. Without a second thought, he split the food in half and called his dog friend. We said our goodbyes and I took a picture of the new scene while they were sharing the food. At that moment I thought that that feeling was the important focus. Yet, come to think of it, I realized we should avoid making poverty romantic. I would not like the picture to be viewed from the aesthetic and caring perspective it may raise in us. I wish it to be remembered. I wish people to really look at their cities. Because when we stop and we really look around we will see how frequent this scene is and, usually, it goes unnoticed to our eyes. I believe this is the main value of this photograph… to remind us the problem is right in front of our eyes, to make visible that which society denied.”
Year and place where it was taken: 2017, Anse-à-Pitre (Dominican Republic-Haiti Border)
Author and nationality: Colectivo Gama (Mariajose García y Tulio Marti), dominican
“Since a 2013 ruling, Dominican-born people of Haitian descent are considered ‘illegal’ if their parents were not living ‘legally’ in Haiti at the time they were born. This has caused the deportation of thousands of people who have been settling, albeit provisionally and precariously, in the Haitian area close to the border. They build their ephemeral homes with pieces of cloth, sticks and branches. In those narrow houses, on that narrow strip of land, in a judicial environment with narrow interpretations and amid a narrow-minded society, whole families, couples or individuals live with their few belongings in situations of uncertainty, without knowing what tomorrow will bring, deprived of any kind of security in permanent transit.”
Title: Hogar, agridulce hogar
Year and place where it was taken: 2006, San Pedro de Macorís (Dominican Republic)
Author and nationality: Mario Arvelo, dominican
“The child in the image -although he is standing at the door of his house- lives in a place where the precariousness of materials (specially in an environment of burning sun, torrential rains and violent winds) shows a gap between the legitimate aspiration to a decent and functional dwelling as was conceived by those who adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the reality of an inadequate and unstable shelter.”
Title: No title
Year and place where it was taken: 2015, Oruro (Bolivia)
Author and nationality: Néstor Ariel Rivas, argentinian
“The image shown in the picture repeats itself in all the cities I have visited in South America: homeless people whose only support is people’s solidarity. It is painful to see people living in the streets, but, above all, to see elderly people who have very few resources to change their situation if the State does not protect them. This cholita knows quite well, perhaps intuitively, that ‘Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family (…) and the right to security in the event of (…) old age…’ as stated in Article 25. Unfortunately, States seem to have forgotten these rights.”
What is the purpose of this contest?
A total of 30 photographs will be selected to create an exhibition reflecting the different outlooks diverse members of the Latin American community have on the region’s level of compliance of Article 25 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
The photographs will be shown at the same time in several countries throughout Latin America. The first openings will take place in 2019 in Argentina, Colombia, Chile, Guatemala, Mexico and the Dominican Republic.
What kind of images will be accepted?
All kinds of images are welcome, whether with a positive or a negative message, provided they bring out the actual application of Article 25 in the region.
Who can participate?
The call is open to all. The photo can be taken with any kind of camera, in high resolution, so that it can be printed and displayed.
How can I send the photo?
Only 1 photo per participant will be accepted. It should be sent as an attachment by e-mail. JPG format should be used and it should weight less than 3 Mb.
A form with the data required below should be sent as a separate attachment in the same e-mail. No photo will be accepted if the requested information is missing. Both files (photo and form) should be sent in the same e-mail to: firstname.lastname@example.org
When can I send the photo?
Photos will be accepted during February and March 2019.
How will I know if my photo has been selected?
An e-mail from email@example.com will be sent to the authors of the selected photographs.
Authors’ names will be published on www.fihrm-la.org, as from April 15, 2019.
How will the authors of the selected photos be awarded?
Each one of the authors of the 30 selected photos will receive U$100 (or the equivalent amount in their country’s currency) and a printed issue of all the photos that make up the exhibition.
Only photos taken by the participant and free of any copyright will be accepted. Joining the contest implies the participant gives FIHRM-LA the right to use the photo together with the author’s name.